Mediterranean Diet Pattern and Health

Quiz for CEU Credit

To receive CEU Credit of one hour of Level 2 for viewing this recorded webinar, R.D.s and D.T.R.s must complete the following quiz.

A passing score is 60 (out of a total possible score of 100). You receive credit for right answers and penalties for wrong or missed answers. If you receive fewer than 60 points, you may review the presentation and retake the quiz as often as you like.

Answer all questions below. Simply click in each answer's circle to denote your choice.

1. Dietary patterns are of interest to researchers and health professionals because understanding and describing the pattern helps to capture the overall complexity of the diet and its constituent parts and their relation to outcomes of interest such as specific health outcomes.


Question 1 of 10

2. Research using nutrition indexes and scores has gained popularity because the research determines how well dietary behaviors conform to set criteria (such as, a specific list of food choices or behaviors) that reflect a specific diet pattern, such as the Mediterranean Diet. The index/score approach is also less subjective than factor analysis and cluster analysis and allows researchers to compare results across different studies or cohorts.

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3. The Mediterranean Diet describes the one dietary pattern that’s typical of the way people eat in the 18 countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea.

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4. Compared to many other diet patterns, the Mediterranean Diet may be described as higher in monounsaturated fats, fresh produce and whole grains and lower in meat, particularly red meat.

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5. The Mediterranean Diet does not take into account such non-nutritional factors as being physically active and enjoying stress reducing activities such as enjoying meals with others.

Question 5 of 10

6. The PREDIMED Study was a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of individuals at high risk of CVD that found that participants who followed a Mediterranean Diet pattern that was higher in either extra virgin olive oil (group 1) or nuts (group 2) had significantly reduced incidence of metabolic syndrome (and thus CVD risk) after 5 years compared to the lower fat diet group (group 3/control).

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7. The PREDIMED Study also found that participants who followed the Mediterranean Diet with either extra virgin olive oil or nuts reduced their risk of diabetes even if they did not lose weight.

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8. Among individuals who had experienced a heart attack (myocardial infarction), The Lyon Diet Heart Study showed that the group which followed a Mediterranean Diet pattern had similar outcomes for additional heart events to the group which followed a Western Diet pattern.

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9. A number of prospective cohort (epidemiological) studies show that following a Mediterranean Diet pattern has been associated with reduced risk not only for cardiovascular disease but also for other chronic diseases.

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10. A high score (7 points and above) on the Alternative Mediterranean Diet Score, which adapts the Mediterranean Diet Score to take into account American eating patterns, is not significantly associated with lowered risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease and other causes.

Question 10 of 10

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